Going to the museum is not boring at all. Teach your child to perceive the beautiful with pleasure.
Once upon a time the word “museum” was associated with silence, strict guides and dusty exhibits. It was difficult to drag a mobile child there even while studying, not to mention the weekend. Fortunately, museums are changing - becoming interactive, which means that now you can run, play and even hold exhibits in your hands!
We all roughly know how to raise children. We make sure that they have proper nutrition, regularly take them for a walk, teach them to brush their teeth and wash themselves. We explain to them that offending the weak is not good, that one must be kind and honest. But, when we want to free ourselves a couple of hours, we do not hesitate to turn on the video or TV and with relief we leave the room. Hooray! The child is "neutralized", the rest does not bother us. And, by the way, in vain!
Why museums are needed
Our children live in a fairly aggressive environment. Reading primitive comics, looking at ten times hastily translated cartoon collections, the child gets used to the wretchedly invented little world, where there are no personalities or real experiences. From the aggressive mass culture that has completely flooded the Russian market today, the child should be protected and protected, especially at an early age.
If we are talking about cultural education, the first thing that comes to mind is a museum. The museum is a real symbol of culture, but, surprisingly, at the same time it is a symbol of boredom and Old Testament. Perhaps this is due to the peculiar atmosphere of most museums: silence, sometimes the clatter of numerous legs, the monotonous voices of the guides. You can’t run around? Does it smell like dust? However, you can also love all this, if you perceive the museum as a source of new information and useful energy. Yes, and many museums are becoming modern, interactive, which means you can run around and even hold unique exhibits in your hands!
You can visit museums when the child has learned to walk and at the same time look around. In many museums there are children's excursion programs and even classes for the smallest. The choice of museums is huge - in Moscow, for example, there are 438 of them! Historical, natural science, technical, artistic, musical, literary - choose what is closer to your child!
Moscow Kremlin, tel .: 203−03−49; http://www.kreml.ru/
History Museum, tel .: 292−37−31; http://www.shm.ru/
Museum of the History of the City of Moscow, tel .: 924−84−90; http://www.museum.ru/moscow/
Museum of Archeology of Moscow, tel .: 292−16−64;
Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, tel .: 142−41−85
Panorama of the Battle of Borodino, tel.: 148−19−27; http://www.museum.ru/borodino/If a child loves history, you just need to visit the Battle of Borodino! "Panorama" translated from Greek - "I see everything around." Indeed, you seem to be transported two hundred years ago and find yourself in the center of the battle of Borodino - the drums beat, the soldiers shout, the composition of P.I. Tchaikovsky's "1812". The panorama was created by the famous artist - the battle-man F. Rubo. The canvas is 115 meters long and 15 meters high. The museum exposition tells in detail about the events of the Patriotic War before and after the Battle of Borodino, about the uniforms and armaments of the Russian and French armies. For the youngest history buffs - a special interactive program “Defend our Power”, where the guys become participants in a real historical performance: dress up in beautiful uniforms - someone will be a dashing hussar, and someone will get the role of a brave grenadier. And if the child has literary abilities, he will be asked to compose a fairy tale about the adventures of a Russian soldier.
Tretyakov Gallery (in Lavrushinsky Lane), tel .: 951−13−62;www.tretyakov.ru/
Tretyakov Gallery (on Krymsky Val), tel.: 238−13−78
Museum of Fine Arts. A.S. Pushkin, tel.: 203−74−12; http://www.museum.ru/gmii/The house-museum of V. Vasnetsov, tel.: 281−13−29
Moscow House of Photography, tel .: 202−76−12; http://www.mdf.ru/
Museum of Oriental Art, tel .: 291−82−19; http://www.orientalart.ru/
Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Art, tel .: 921−01−39
Museum of Unique Puppets, tel .: 299−93−85In the very center of Moscow, unique creations of puppet masters of past centuries are stored. Girls, of any age, are easier to get there than to bring! Two and a half thousand dolls - old porcelain, wax and wood - a variety of household items, jewelry, dishes, doll houses and, accurately conveying the traditions of their time. Unique exhibits are also presented, among them “fashionable ladies” - dolls in exquisite outfits that demonstrate the fashion of the second half of the 19th century and musical dolls, driven by an old movement into motion with melodic music. And those who love the fairy tale "Three Fat Men" will enjoy a pleasant meeting with the doll of the heir Tutti. Each doll keeps its own unique story. After Malaya Dmitrovka, the closest museum of this kind is in London.
Science and science
Biological Museum. K.A. Timiryazev, tel .: 252−07−49; http://www.gbmt.ru/
Zoological Museum of Moscow State University, tel .: 203−89−23; http://zmmu.msu.ru/
Paleontological Museum. Yu.A. Orlova, tel .: 339−15−00; http://www.paleo.ru/museum/index.html
Darwin Museum, tel .: 135−33−82; http://www.darwin.museum.ru/Darwinovsky is one of the most popular museums in Moscow among children. Young nature lovers will especially like it. Magnificent stuffed animals, scales on which you can measure your weight in mice or bears, many paintings and sculptures ... Most animals are shown in their natural habitat, among their brothers in the jungle or savannah, surrounded by their favorite vines or mosses. And in the depths of the sea you can "dive" on the bathyscaphe, looking through the porthole at the herds of fish or octopuses. Spacious halls can cope with a very large flow of visitors. In each room there are computers where you can get information not only on the museum’s exposition, but also on the largest museums in the world. But the main thing that attracts children is the museum is very lively. Something new is constantly appearing here. One of the latest innovations is the light-music and music exposition, similar to which there is not in any museum in Europe. Once a day on weekdays and three times on weekends in the central hall, the lights are turned off - and the broadcast of a 20-minute film on the history of the development of life on Earth begins. Another innovation is the so-called “paper guides”. Pupils who do not want to listen to the guide's notations can purchase special guidebooks. Looking at the windows, the young visitor reads a brief explanation at the same time and answers the questions proposed in the booklet.
Polytechnical Museum, tel .: 923−07−56; Web site http://www.polymus.ru
Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics, tel.: 283−79−14
Railway Museum, tel .: 266−04−69
Lomakov Museum of Antique Cars and Motorcycles, tel .: 113−20−53 It will be especially interesting for boys and their dads. Historic vintage cars, motorcycles and bicycles, hundreds of small exhibits in shop windows, vintage tools, clothing, a whole collection of car radios, and vintage trucks and armored cars on the open area in front of the museum! Cars from the collection were shot in the famous films “We are from Jazz”, “Operation-cooperation”, “Hello! I am your aunt! ” There are also unique exhibits in the museum: a hand-made Mercedes, which Hitler presented to Eva Braun, the only surviving 1914 Peugeot motorcycle on the planet, miraculously preserved in the native emerald paint ZiS-310, which Stalin presented to Alexy I. Specialists call it is this Tsar-Avtomobile car. The tour is conducted by the director of the museum Dmitry Lomakin. The museum has a teenage club called “Young Rangers of Motorcars”, where children are taught the basics of restoration art.
Museum of Musical Culture M.I. Glinka, tel.: 972−32−37; http://www.museum.ru/glinka/
Museum of Russian harmonics A. Mireka, tel .: 251−67−30In the museum of A. Mirek - an exciting journey into the world of music! The museum tells the story of reed instruments: harmonica, button accordion, accordion. Unique documents, photographs, awards, posters, study guides complement and expand the idea of the history of production and existence of harmonics in Russia. On an excursion, the guys, led by a guide, dance to the sounds of the smallest accordion-turtle, button accordion and buzzer. In the large hall of the museum there is a harmonious workshop with centennial drills and screwdrivers. And next door - a room where you can listen to rare recordings performed by famous harmonists.
Museums for the smallest
Pinocchio Pinocchio Museum, tel.: 164−05−76
Museum "Grandfather Durov's Corner", tel .: 971−30−29; http://www.ugolokdurova.ru/museum.html
The house of fairy tales "Once upon a time", tel .: 974−61−87
Interactive Museum “Magic ABC”, tel .: 148−34−45 “Magic ABC” is an educational, art, interactive museum for children from 2 to 7 years. Its main characters are letters. They are presented in a variety of guises - in the form of castles, dolls, costumes and even fragrances, for example, the letter “B” smells of vanilla! The largest collection of primers and alphabets in Moscow has been compiled: ancient, national, foreign. In a place of honor is the famous “Alphabet of Leo Tolstoy”, and the exposition, which is located nearby, tells how children studied in antiquity: a collection of old writing instruments, school fashion XIX — XX centuriesekov. And in the section “I begin to read”, classes for children are held in a playful way. ABC book, Cat scientist and Fairy ABCs teach children to read. Mom and dad will be interested in a collection of educational games for teaching reading, as well as a book exhibition "Buk-byaki" - poor-quality and simply harmful books for children. A trip to the museum ends with a theatrical performance.
Theater, cinema, literature
State Museum of Children's Theaters, tel .: 289−15−54
Museum of Cinema: 255−90−57
House Museum N.E. Ermolova: 290−54−16
Theater Museum A.A. Bahrushina
Museum V.V. Mayakovsky, tel.: 921−93−87
Museum A.S. Pushkin, tel .: 201−56−74
How to teach a child to perceive the beautiful
Take your children to the theater more often, starting with performances for the little ones.
Read good children's literature aloud to children (you can continue reading at home, even if the child has already learned to read well himself).
Talk with your child about children's TV shows and movies.
Try to take your children to museums, exhibitions and excursions, even if you will be troublesome with them.
Do not tell the child: it will be incomprehensible and uninteresting to you - by this you involuntarily program it. Your child will surely discover something new and fascinating for himself.
Go to museums as a company (parents + children). Let the children roam the museum themselves and share their impressions later at home.
Be sure to go to the buffet during the break during the inspection of the exposition or later (if there is no buffet in the museum, visit the cafe with the children). This will help reinforce positive emotions!
Be fair and critical. Admire the museum you like and scold the one you didn’t like. Explain why you think so. The main thing is to maintain interest in this topic.
Do not impose your tastes and interests on the child, be sensitive to his mood.
Try to travel all the sights even on a spa vacation. In each city (or its environs) there is a mass of everything interesting.
Buy illustrated art books, browse and discuss them with your child.
Visit website www.museum.ru and marvel with the child what museums exist in the world.
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